Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement

Canada-UK Trade Continuity Agreement

Canada (party to all four trade agreements)

Key

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement

Countries not yet in force

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership

map of world shaded to describe trade agreements with Canada.

Click each agreement to see its countries and key facts.

Canada’s big four free trade
agreements on the world stage

Mapping your
next trade route

With business increasingly going global, success isn’t just about who you know—it’s about where you go. Canada’s trade agreements sit high on this decision tree when calculating costs and studying supply chains. To help you plan your next step, we pinpointed Canada’s four most critical trade agreements on a world map. 

Last updated: September 20, 2021

Need help mapping trade agreements to your business strategy?

Whether you’re looking to stay on the right side of importing rules or to pivot your exporting strategy, we’re here to help.

Contact us now.

Charmaine Goddeeris
Senior Manager, Customs & International Trade
905-946-1066

Industries most affected

Farm Agriculture Robotic arm manufacturing

Manufacturing

Agriculture

  • Canada
  • UK

Countries in force

$20 billion

Arrows showing trade

of exports passed from Canada to the UK in 2020. That represents almost 4% of Canada’s total world exports

Group of people

people live in the UK

67 million

Canada-UK Trade Continuity Agreement (Canada-UK TCA)

Map point

When the United Kingdom exited the EU in 2020, the business community wanted to see as few changes as possible. With the Canada-UK TCA, the two signing countries achieved that continuity on trade, generally recreating CETA conditions. Next up for the two countries: negotiations on a long-term, bespoke trade agreement.

various logistics, manufacturing and transportation icons

Canada’s big four free trade
agreements on the world stage

Mapping your
next trade route

With business increasingly going global, success isn’t just about who you know—it’s about where you go. Canada’s trade agreements sit high on this decision tree when calculating costs and studying supply chains. To help you plan your next step, we pinpointed Canada’s four most critical trade agreements on a world map. 

Click each agreement to see its countries and key facts.

Industries most affected

Farm agriculture Robotic arm manufacturing

Manufacturing

Agriculture

Canada • Austria • Belgium • Bulgaria •  Croatia • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Finland • France •  Germany • Greece • Hungary • Ireland • Italy • Latvia • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Malta • Netherlands • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Slovakia • Slovenia • Spain • Sweden

In force … but
CETA has not taken full effect, pending approval by all relevant government bodies in the EU.

Countries in force

$28 billion

arrows showing trade

of exports went from Canada to CETA countries in 2020. That represents almost 5.5% of Canada’s total world exports

Group of people

is the combined GDP for EU countries

$21.6 billion

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

Map point

CETA did for Europe what NAFTA did—and CUSMA continued—for North America. In attaching Canada to a massive free trade area, it gave Canadian exporters greater access to EU markets and lowered tariffs on imports into Canada. 

Last updated: September 20, 2021

Industries most affected

retail shopping cart Farm agriculture roboric arm manufacturing

Retail & consumer business

Manufacturing

Agriculture

  • Canada
  • U.S.
  • Mexico

Countries in force

$390 billion

arrows showing trade

of exports passed from Canada to Mexico and the U.S. in 2020. That represents 75% of Canada’s total world exports

Group of people

people comprise the market in the U.S. and Mexico

450+ million

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

map point

CUSMA replaced the previous North American Free Trade Agreement with much controversy, but the so-called new NAFTA is more similar to the old one than people realize. Still, watch out for the differences that do exist—on rules of origin for auto manufacturing, for example, and dairy farming. 

See our in-depth explainer article breaking down CUSMA’s many details.

Industries most affected

farm agriculture robotic arm manufacturing

Manufacturing

Agriculture

Not yet in force
Brunei, Chile, Malaysia

  • New Zealand
  • Peru 
  • Singapore
  • Vietnam
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • Mexico

Countries in force

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

map point

$34 billion

arrows showing trade

of exports passed from Canada to CPTPP countries in 2020. That represents 6.5% of Canada’s total world exports

group of people

of global GDP is covered by the treaty

13.5%

By joining the CPTPP, Canada didn’t just gain access to another large trading bloc, this one straddling Asia and Latin America. It also continued to diversify its trade relationships and, in some cases, gained trading partners where the two countries could not reach bilateral agreements. Businesses have noticed the difference. Some tariffs went from substantial to zero—overnight.

Need help mapping trade agreements to your business strategy?

Charmaine Goddeeris
Senior Manager, Customs & International Trade
905-946-1066

Whether you’re looking to stay on the right side of importing rules or to pivot your exporting strategy, we’re here to help.

Contact us now.

CUSMA trade figures

  • Population – “Countries in the world by population,” accessed September 2021, Worldometer 
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

CETA

  • GDP -  “World Economic Outlook Database,” accessed September 2021, International Monetary Fund
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

CPTPP 

  • GDP – “CPTPP explained,” December 2020, Global Affairs Canada
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

Canada-UK TCA

  • Population – “Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2020,” accessed September 2020, Office for National Statistics
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

Sources:

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