map of world shaded to describe trade agreements with Canada.

Click each agreement to see its countries and key facts.

With business increasingly going global, success isn’t just about who you know—it’s about where you go. Canada’s trade agreements sit high on this decision tree when calculating costs and studying supply chains. To help you plan your next step, we pinpointed Canada’s four most critical trade agreements on a world map. 

Mapping your
next trade route

Canada’s big four free trade
agreements on the world stage

Whether you’re looking to stay on the right side of importing rules or to pivot your exporting strategy, we’re here to help.

Contact us now.

Charmaine Goddeeris
Senior Manager, Customs & International Trade
905-946-1066

Need help mapping trade agreements to your business strategy?

Last updated: September 20, 2021

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership

Countries not yet in force

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement

Key

Canada (party to all four trade agreements)

Canada-UK Trade Continuity Agreement

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement

various logistics, manufacturing and transportation icons

With business increasingly going global, success isn’t just about who you know—it’s about where you go. Canada’s trade agreements sit high on this decision tree when calculating costs and studying supply chains. To help you plan your next step, we pinpointed Canada’s four most critical trade agreements on a world map. 

Mapping your
next trade route

Canada’s big four free trade
agreements on the world stage

Click each agreement to see its countries and key facts.

When the United Kingdom exited the EU in 2020, the business community wanted to see as few changes as possible. With the Canada-UK TCA, the two signing countries achieved that continuity on trade, generally recreating CETA conditions. Next up for the two countries: negotiations on a long-term, bespoke trade agreement.

Map point

Canada-UK Trade Continuity Agreement (Canada-UK TCA)

67 million

people live in the UK

Group of people

of exports passed from Canada to the UK in 2020. That represents almost 4% of Canada’s total world exports

Arrows showing trade

$20 billion

Countries in force

  • Canada
  • UK

Agriculture

Manufacturing

Robotic arm manufacturing Farm Agriculture

Industries most affected

CETA did for Europe what NAFTA did—and CUSMA continued—for North America. In attaching Canada to a massive free trade area, it gave Canadian exporters greater access to EU markets and lowered tariffs on imports into Canada. 

Map point

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

$21.6 billion

is the combined GDP for EU countries

Group of people

of exports went from Canada to CETA countries in 2020. That represents almost 5.5% of Canada’s total world exports

arrows showing trade

$28 billion

Countries in force

Canada • Austria • Belgium • Bulgaria •  Croatia • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Finland • France •  Germany • Greece • Hungary • Ireland • Italy • Latvia • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Malta • Netherlands • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Slovakia • Slovenia • Spain • Sweden

In force … but
CETA has not taken full effect, pending approval by all relevant government bodies in the EU.

Agriculture

Manufacturing

Robotic arm manufacturing Farm agriculture

Industries most affected

CUSMA replaced the previous North American Free Trade Agreement with much controversy, but the so-called new NAFTA is more similar to the old one than people realize. Still, watch out for the differences that do exist—on rules of origin for auto manufacturing, for example, and dairy farming. 

See our in-depth explainer article breaking down CUSMA’s many details.

map point

Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

450+ million

people comprise the market in the U.S. and Mexico

Group of people

of exports passed from Canada to Mexico and the U.S. in 2020. That represents 75% of Canada’s total world exports

arrows showing trade

$390 billion

Countries in force

  • Canada
  • U.S.
  • Mexico

Agriculture

Manufacturing

Retail & consumer business

roboric arm manufacturing Farm agriculture retail shopping cart

Industries most affected

By joining the CPTPP, Canada didn’t just gain access to another large trading bloc, this one straddling Asia and Latin America. It also continued to diversify its trade relationships and, in some cases, gained trading partners where the two countries could not reach bilateral agreements. Businesses have noticed the difference. Some tariffs went from substantial to zero—overnight.

13.5%

of global GDP is covered by the treaty

group of people

of exports passed from Canada to CPTPP countries in 2020. That represents 6.5% of Canada’s total world exports

arrows showing trade

$34 billion

map point

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

Countries in force

  • Canada
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand
  • Peru 
  • Singapore
  • Vietnam

Not yet in force
Brunei, Chile, Malaysia

Agriculture

Manufacturing

robotic arm manufacturing farm agriculture

Industries most affected

Whether you’re looking to stay on the right side of importing rules or to pivot your exporting strategy, we’re here to help.

Contact us now.

Charmaine Goddeeris
Senior Manager, Customs & International Trade
905-946-1066

Need help mapping trade agreements to your business strategy?

Sources:

CUSMA trade figures

  • Population – “Countries in the world by population,” accessed September 2021, Worldometer 
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

CETA

  • GDP -  “World Economic Outlook Database,” accessed September 2021, International Monetary Fund
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

CPTPP 

  • GDP – “CPTPP explained,” December 2020, Global Affairs Canada
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

Canada-UK TCA

  • Population – “Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2020,” accessed September 2020, Office for National Statistics
  • Exports – “Canada exports by country,” accessed September 2021, Trading Economics

Last updated: September 20, 2021

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